What is the Perfect Competition?

 As a business manager, you know it is necessary to make decisions that will continue the success of your business and ensure the maximization of profit.  Your understanding of basic economic principles will help you to make sound business decisions that impact everything from production to customer relations. 

The perfect competition is a theoretical market model that exists when there are a large number of sellers, it is easy for sellers to enter and exit the market, the products from each seller are identical, and sellers are price takers. Perfect competitive markets do not exist in real life.  This theoretical model, however, helps to give us a standard for comparing various market situations.  Businesses in a perfectly competitive market are competing at the highest possible level.  The market structure is such that there are many buyers, as well as many sellers.  Also, each business is producing identical products and confront very few obstacles upon entering or exiting the market.  A perfectly competitive market is the standard of comparison for evaluating the economic concepts of supply and demand. 

In a supposedly perfect competitive market, buyers and sellers are free to enter or exit the market as they wish.  You are neither forced into nor prevented from doing business as you see fit.  Therefore, all transactions are entirely voluntary.  No one is forced to buy or to sell anything.  Perfectly competitive markets exemplify the right to be free of intimidation, the right to buy or sell only what is freely consented to.  Because of this, perfectly competitive markets are perfectly moral in three ways. They safeguard the rights of buyers and sellers to have freedom of opportunity, voluntary consent, and freedom from coercion. 

What is the Perfect Competition concerning You

Perfect competition is a useful model in which to measure your business to understand how your approach differs from other companies.  By departing from the conditions present in a perfectly competitive market, you will gain competitive advantages and higher profits. 

Not all products are the same so that some businesses can charge higher prices for better quality. Your ability to create a product that is more desirable due to it being set apart from the others will yield your business higher profits, as you will be able to charge a higher price.

In real life, the market situation is such that a few influential buyers and sellers dominate the ability to move prices. Naturally, you will gain higher profits by being one of the few sellers that provides a specific product to a large number of buyers. 

Much of the market information is confusing to the average buyer, and not easily accessible.  Buyers have to spend much time to obtain accurate and reliable information.  Most buyers do not have the time to invest in such research, and instead, make their decisions based on other recommendations and reviews.  If you can gain a base of loyal customers, your business will have an excellent foundation for success.  

The overall cost structure for each business is varied.  The diverse access to production technology and various input costs results in unequal business advantages.  If you can gain access to superior technology and low-cost materials, you can generate high profits even when other businesses are making little to no benefit. 

In our current market, your established business has many advantages over new enterprises.  For example, you have the experience necessary to maintain lower production costs, as well as the benefit of having an established loyal customer base. New businesses do not have these benefits, which makes entering into the industry difficult.  Exit costs are also substantially high in most cases, which can force companies to remain in the industry even when they are not making a profit.  

Why concept of the perfect competition is Important?

The perfect competition is an importance concept when planning your strategy for the continued success of your business.  There are many other such factors to consider while making any business decision but when in a market economy works, the governments regulate to go closer to the ideal conditions. The managers are encouraged to use them prudently to ensure rising profits in today’s market structure.